Freshwater Puffer Fish Care – What do Puffer Fish Eat?

Puffer fish is an extremely poisonous fish but is a very popular dish in Japan. So, why is this fish so popular? To answer these questions, please join us to find out!

Origin of Freshwater Puffer Fish

Freshwater Puffer Fish has a name similar to snakehead fish, so many people confuse these two types of fish.

Freshwater Puffer Fish has an English name called Tetraodontiformes. Currently in the world discovered more than 120 species of puffer fish and are distributed mainly in the tropics.

Characteristics of Freshwater Puffer Fish

Puffer fish is a line of fish without scales, without pelvic fins, the rest of the fins are very soft.

This line of fish has a round body shape upwards like a ball, the lower part is elongated.

The head of the fish is relatively round, the eyes are large and slightly convex, the mouth is small – round – the teeth are very strong.

This fish has very toxic organs, especially the liver. Sometimes the skin of the fish also contains toxins.

Therefore, only highly skilled chefs have the courage to prepare dishes related to puffer fish

What do Freshwater Puffer Fish food?

There are puffer fish that live in marine (saltwater) environments, but there are also species that live in freshwater environments.

They are omnivorous fish, so the food is abundant. Some favorite foods can be mentioned: small snails, baby fish, all kinds of plankton….

How are Freshwater Puffer Fish reproduced?

Puffer fish reproduce in the form of egg laying. Usually, fish spawn around February – March and July – September each year.

This is also the time of highest toxicity of fish. This time should not be used as food

The female fish will spawn on the spawning season, the male will swim behind to fertilize the eggs, care and protect the eggs until they hatch into fry.

Puffer fish habitat

Each line of Pufferfish will live in different areas. Some live in fresh water, some live in salt water (sea).

Their primary habitats are bottom areas, coral reefs, swamps, rivers, lakes, or may also be coastal or estuarine waters.

Puffer fish are found abundantly in tropical and subtropical regions of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans. The average lifespan of the puffer fish is approximately 10 years.

Classification of puffer fish Type or Puffer Fish

Below we list only a few puffer fish species commonly found in the waters.

Puffer fish – ornamental puffer fish

Puffer fish is poisonous? This question is questioned by a lot of people. Pufferfish is a low-toxic strain that is used as food and as an ornamental fish.

The leopard puffer fish is a small line of fish with a relatively beautiful color with blue-black spots like a cell.

This line of fish can help destroy fish and snails harmful to crops. They often live in herds.

Pufferfish are omnivores, and their favorite food is animals.

Therefore, the main food of this strain is small fishes, larvae in the water and harmful small snails.

Porcupine puffer fish (spiny puffer fish)

Porcupine puffer fish has the main characteristic of 10 – 20cm long spines that look similar to porcupine feathers, so they are called porcupine pufferfish or spiny puffer fish.

When this line of fish is in danger, their abdomen will swell like a prickly bridge to protect themselves.

Jackfruit puffer fish – fresh water tops

Jackfruit puffer fish is a species of fish quite popular in the waters. This is an extremely poisonous strain. In fact, there have been recorded many cases of pufferfish biting people.

Therefore, when seeing this fish you should avoid and should not use it as food.

Jackfruit fish are quite small in body, their color is golden brown, their belly is round and bright white.

Symptoms of puffer fish poisoning

Not all pufferfish are poisonous, each fish will have a different degree of toxicity.

Puffer fish poison when absorbed into the human body will have the following symptoms:

The limbs or some other position on the body will lose sensation depending on the amount of poison absorbed
Fatigue, sweating, nausea, and abdominal pain are present.
Much saliva, bullshit, eyes wide.
Complete paralysis, hypotension, convulsions and death (this is the highest degree of intoxication).

What delicious puffer fish do you eat?

Puffer fish in Vietnam has more than 60 species, of which half are poisonous. The remaining species can still be used for food.

Puffer fish sashimi

Puffer fish are cleaned, skillfully remove all organs and skin of the fish. Then, the fish is sliced ​​into thin slices served with mustard and soy sauce.

If you have the opportunity to set foot in Japan, you should try once to enjoy the puffer fish sashimi dish.

Puffer fish steamed gourd

Puffer fish steamed gourd is a favorite dish that many people love, but it is still necessary to be careful when preparing the dishes.

The cleaned fish (removing all organs and skin) is marinated with spices, onions, and chili.

Then steam it in the gourd until it is ripe. When enjoyed, fish meat resembles chicken but is much richer.

Grilled puffer fish

This is a folk dish that many people love. Although the deliciousness is so, you should not enjoy it because it is easy to be poisoned.

Grilled puffer fish is marinated with galangal, lemongrass, chili and spices grilled on charcoal stove extremely fragrant.

Puffer fish with turmeric

This is a dish that is loved by many Westerners.

When stocked with turmeric, the fish will have no fishy smell, the meat of the fish is soft and the golden color of the system looks extremely attractive.

Where to buy Freshwater Puffer Fish? How much does it cost 1Kg?

In our country’s seafood market, puffer fish is not usually traded. Only the aquarium shops can sell leopard Freshwater Puffer Fish for use.

Above is all information about Freshwater Puffer Fish – the most unique fish in the world. Along with that, you can distinguish puffer fish and snakehead fish are two completely different lines of fish.


Below is our list of recommended Freshwater Puffer Fish
Aquariums, you can refer to the largest samples for grouper to grow and develop well.